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Appl. Sci. 2018, 8(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/app8010003

Modeling of Malachite Green Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Nanoscale Zerovalent Zinc Using Artificial Neural Network

1
Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory for Information Systems of Mountainous Areas and Protection of Ecological Environment, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
2
Cultivation Base of Guizhou National Key Laboratory of Mountainous Karst Eco-Environment, Guizhou Normal University, Guiyang 550001, China
3
Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 November 2017 / Revised: 9 December 2017 / Accepted: 18 December 2017 / Published: 21 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Chemistry)
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Abstract

The commercially available nanoscale zerovalent zinc (nZVZ) was used as an adsorbent for the removal of malachite green (MG) from aqueous solutions. This material was characterized by X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The advanced experimental design tools were adopted to study the effect of process parameters (viz. initial pH, temperature, contact time and initial concentration) and to reduce number of trials and cost. Response surface methodology and rapidly developing artificial intelligence technologies, i.e., artificial neural network coupled with particle swarm optimization (ANN-PSO) and artificial neural network coupled with genetic algorithm (ANN-GA) were employed for predicting the optimum process variables and obtaining the maximum removal efficiency of MG. The results showed that the removal efficiency predicted by ANN-GA (94.12%) was compatible with the experimental value (90.72%). Furthermore, the Langmuir isotherm was found to be the best model to describe the adsorption of MG onto nZVZ, while the maximum adsorption capacity was calculated to be 1000.00 mg/g. The kinetics for adsorption of MG onto nZVZ was found to follow the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔG0, ΔH0 and ΔS0) were calculated from the Van’t Hoff plot of lnKc vs. 1/T in order to discuss the removal mechanism of MG. View Full-Text
Keywords: malachite green; nanoscale zerovalent zinc; artificial intelligence; artificial neural network-genetic algorithm; artificial neural network-particle swarm optimization malachite green; nanoscale zerovalent zinc; artificial intelligence; artificial neural network-genetic algorithm; artificial neural network-particle swarm optimization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Ruan, W.; Shi, X.; Hu, J.; Hou, Y.; Fan, M.; Cao, R.; Wei, X. Modeling of Malachite Green Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Nanoscale Zerovalent Zinc Using Artificial Neural Network. Appl. Sci. 2018, 8, 3.

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