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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(9), 956; doi:10.3390/app7090956

ECOAL Project—Delivering Solutions for Integrated Monitoring of Coal-Related Fires Supported on Optical Fiber Sensing Technology

1
Department of Geosciences, Environment and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
2
Institute of Earth Sciences, Pole of University of Porto, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
3
Center for Applied Photonics, INESC TEC, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
4
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Faculty of Science at University of Porto, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
5
Departamento de Electrónica, Universidad de Alcalá, 28801 Alcalá de Henares, Spain
6
Department of Ingeniería Eléctrica y Electrónica, Universidad Pública de Navarra, 31006 Pamplona, Spain
7
Federal University of Santa Catarina, Centro de Engenharia da Mobilidade (CEM), Florianopolis 89.218-035, Brazil
8
CNRS, XLIM—Département Photonique-Fibre, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, 87060 Limoges, France
9
Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, 4450-208 Matosinhos, Portugal
10
Faculdade de Ciências Exatas e da Engenharia, Universidade da Madeira, 9020-105 Funchal, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 July 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 16 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7175 KB, uploaded 16 September 2017]   |  

Abstract

The combustion of coal wastes resulting from mining is of particular environmental concern, and the importance of proper management involving real-time assessment of their status and identification of probable evolution scenarios is recognized. Continuous monitoring of the combustion temperature and emission levels of certain gases allows for the possibility of planning corrective actions to minimize their negative impact on the surroundings. Optical fiber technology is well suited to this purpose and here we describe the main attributes and results obtained from a fiber optic sensing system projected to gather data on distributed temperature and gas emissions in these harsh environments. View Full-Text
Keywords: coal mining; coal waste deposits; spontaneous coal combustion; optical fiber sensing; temperature measurement; gas detection; environmental impact coal mining; coal waste deposits; spontaneous coal combustion; optical fiber sensing; temperature measurement; gas detection; environmental impact
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ribeiro, J.; Viveiros, D.; Ferreira, J.; Lopez-Gil, A.; Dominguez-Lopez, A.; Martins, H.F.; Perez-Herrera, R.; Lopez-Aldaba, A.; Duarte, L.; Pinto, A.; Martin-Lopez, S.; Baierl, H.; Jamier, R.; Rougier, S.; Auguste, J.-L.; Teodoro, A.C.; Gonçalves, J.A.; Esteban, O.; Santos, J.L.; Roy, P.; Lopez-Amo, M.; Gonzalez-Herraez, M.; Baptista, J.M.; Flores, D. ECOAL Project—Delivering Solutions for Integrated Monitoring of Coal-Related Fires Supported on Optical Fiber Sensing Technology. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 956.

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