Enhancement of Sea Wave Potential Energy with Under-Sea Periodic Structures: A Simulation and Laboratory Study
AbstractThis paper is devoted to a theoretical investigation on the wave amplitude enhancement of surface sea water waves with under-sea periodic arrays of cylinders. A two-dimensional shallow water wave equation is derived and solved by using the plane-wave expansion method. The lattice types studied here include triangular, square and hexagonal lattices. These under-sea structures alter the sea bottom topography and induce constructive interference on the surface water waves. Given that the wave potential energy is dependent on the square of the wave amplitude, this mechanism can thus be used to increase the potential energy. It is shown that the enhancement factor depends on two geometric parameters and the maximum wave amplitude can be found by adjusting the two geometric parameters. Among the lattice types, the triangular and square lattice structures can induce more wave amplitude enhancement (and thus potential energy) than the hexagonal structures. Guided by numerical simulations, we have performed a reduced-scale water tank experiment to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed idea. Preliminary experimental results show promising evidence of the predicted wave amplitude enhancement, suggesting perspective real-scale nearshore deployment and test. View Full-Text
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Chiu, S.-F.; Wang, J.-J.; Wang, S.-C.; Chao, S.D. Enhancement of Sea Wave Potential Energy with Under-Sea Periodic Structures: A Simulation and Laboratory Study. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 782.
Chiu S-F, Wang J-J, Wang S-C, Chao SD. Enhancement of Sea Wave Potential Energy with Under-Sea Periodic Structures: A Simulation and Laboratory Study. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(8):782.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chiu, Shuo-Feng; Wang, Jyun-Jie; Wang, Ssu-Che; Chao, Sheng D. 2017. "Enhancement of Sea Wave Potential Energy with Under-Sea Periodic Structures: A Simulation and Laboratory Study." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 8: 782.
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