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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 698; doi:10.3390/app7070698

Preparation of Titania on Stainless Steel by the Spray-ILGAR Technique as Active Photocatalyst under UV Light Irradiation for the Decomposition of Acetaldehyde

1
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM JB, 81310 Johor, Malaysia
2
Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM JB, 81310 Johor, Malaysia
3
Centre for Sustainable Nanomaterials, Ibnu Sina Institute for Scientific and Industrial Research, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM JB, 81310 Johor, Malaysia
4
Central Laboratory of Minerals and Advanced Materials, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, State University of Malang, Malang 65145, Indonesia
5
Institute of Catalysis, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 001-0021, Hokkaido, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 May 2017 / Revised: 21 June 2017 / Accepted: 27 June 2017 / Published: 6 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from IEEE ICASI 2017)
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Abstract

One of the methods used to produce buffer layers for thin film solar cells is the Spray ion layer gas reaction (SPRAY-ILGAR). This method has exhibited astonishing efficiencies in the fabrication of homogenous compact metal chalcogenide films. The same approach can be applied in the preparation of photocatalyst on a substrate, in order to acquire a homogeneous and durable layer. In this work, the Spray-ILGAR technique has been utilized in the preparation of titania photocatalysts on stainless steel, which was carried out at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin for Materials and Energy, in Berlin, Germany. The characterizations and photocatalytic testing of the synthesized materials were then done at the Institute of Catalysis, Hokkaido University. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis showed that the titania was dispersed uniformly on top of the stainless steel, with a very durable and strong attachment. It was also found that the concentration of the titania on stainless steel can be easily varied by changing the concentration of the titania-precursor solution. Higher concentrations will result in a more compact and dense layer, while lowering the concentration of the precursor solution produces a less dense layer of TiO2. Apart from that, different temperatures did not change the distribution of the samples much. The photocatalytic activity of the synthesized materials was determined in terms of the photocatalytic decomposition of acetaldehyde under ultra violet (UV) light irradiation. The photocatalytic testing results proved that the samples can completely degrade acetaldehyde under UV irradiation. The heating temperature played a crucial role, as the sample prepared by with heating temperature of 550 °C, concentration of titania-precursor of 6.83 mM and a spraying time of 12 min showed the best results, requiring only 35 min to fully degrade 500 ppm of acetaldehyde. View Full-Text
Keywords: spray-ILGAR; titania; stainless steel; photocatalytic decomposition; acetaldehyde spray-ILGAR; titania; stainless steel; photocatalytic decomposition; acetaldehyde
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Chandren, S.; Ismail, K.; Nur, H.; Ohtani, B. Preparation of Titania on Stainless Steel by the Spray-ILGAR Technique as Active Photocatalyst under UV Light Irradiation for the Decomposition of Acetaldehyde. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 698.

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