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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 674; doi:10.3390/app7070674

Toward Defect Engineering Strategies to Optimize Energy and Electronic Materials

1
Section of Solid State Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Zografos, Athens 15784, Greece
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Piraeus University of Applied Sciences, Athens 12241, Greece
3
School of Physics, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 4 Svobody sq., Kharkiv 61000, Ukraine
4
Faculty of Engineering and Computing, Coventry University, Priory Street, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
5
Department of Materials, Imperial College London, London SW7 2BP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 June 2017 / Revised: 23 June 2017 / Accepted: 27 June 2017 / Published: 30 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Materials)
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Abstract

The technological requirement to optimize materials for energy and electronic materials has led to the use of defect engineering strategies. These strategies take advantage of the impact of composition, disorder, structure, and mechanical strain on the material properties. In the present review, we highlight key strategies presently employed or considered to tune the properties of energy and electronic materials. We consider examples from electronic materials (silicon and germanium), photocatalysis (titanium oxide), solid oxide fuel cells (cerium oxide), and nuclear materials (nanocomposites). View Full-Text
Keywords: defect engineering; electronic materials; solid oxide fuel cells; nuclear materials; photocatalysis defect engineering; electronic materials; solid oxide fuel cells; nuclear materials; photocatalysis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sgourou, E.N.; Panayiotatos, Y.; Vovk, R.V.; Chroneos, A. Toward Defect Engineering Strategies to Optimize Energy and Electronic Materials. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 674.

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