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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(7), 650; doi:10.3390/app7070650

Effects of Fine Particles on Thermal Conductivity of Mixed Silica Sands

1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Pusan National University, 2 Busandaehak-ro 63beon-gil, Geumjeong-gu, Busan 46241, Korea
2
School of Civil Engineering, Chungbuk National University, 1 Chungdae-ro, Seowon-Gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 28644, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Van Puyvelde
Received: 17 April 2017 / Revised: 16 June 2017 / Accepted: 17 June 2017 / Published: 23 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2277 KB, uploaded 26 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

The physical properties of granular materials (such as hydraulic, strength, and thermal properties) are largely dependent on their density (or porosity) and particle size distribution. In infrastructure design, the thermal properties of soils are now more important than in the past. However, our understanding of the thermal properties of mixed granular materials is still poor. In this study, the thermal conductivity of silica sands with different porosities and particle sizes was experimentally investigated, based on ASTM D5334-14. The thermal conductivity of granular materials is presented as a function of the porosity and proportion of fine particles. The thermal conductivity tends to be low when the porosity is high and the proportion of fine particles is low (and vice versa). When the fine particles are small enough to fill the pore body of the larger particles, the coordination number increases; thus, the thermal conductivity increases when the proportion of fine particles is high. Therefore, both the porosity and particle size distribution should be carefully considered when the thermal conductivity of mixed silica sand is evaluated. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermal conductivity; silica sand; density; fine content; particle size distribution thermal conductivity; silica sand; density; fine content; particle size distribution
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ahn, J.; Jung, J. Effects of Fine Particles on Thermal Conductivity of Mixed Silica Sands. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 650.

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