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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(6), 590; doi:10.3390/app7060590

Developing Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Models to Evaluate Available Energy in Exhaust Systems of Diesel Light-Duty Vehicles

1
Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, Campus de Excelencia Internacional en Energía y Medioambiente, Escuela de Ingeniería Industrial, Real Fábrica de Armas, Edificio Sabatini, Av. Carlos III, s/n 45071 Toledo, Spain
2
Universitat Politècnica de València, Instituto CMT-Motores Térmicos, Camino de Vera, s/n 46022 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kuang-Chao Fan
Received: 3 April 2017 / Revised: 8 May 2017 / Accepted: 1 June 2017 / Published: 8 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) for Ground Transport)
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Abstract

Around a third of the energy input in an automotive engine is wasted through the exhaust system. Since numerous technologies to harvest energy from exhaust gases are accessible, it is of great interest to find time- and cost-efficient methods to evaluate available thermal energy under different engine conditions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is becoming a very valuable tool for numerical predictions of exhaust flows. In this work, a methodology to build a simple three-dimensional (3D) model of the exhaust system of automotive internal combustion engines (ICE) was developed. Experimental data of exhaust gas in the most used part of the engine map in passenger diesel vehicles were employed as input for calculations. Sensitivity analyses of different numeric schemes have been conducted in order to attain accurate results. The model built allows for obtaining details on temperature and pressure fields along the exhaust system, and for complementing the experimental results for a better understanding of the flow phenomena and heat transfer through the system for further energy recovery devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: CFD (computational fluid dynamics); model; exhaust; diesel; engine; energy recovery CFD (computational fluid dynamics); model; exhaust; diesel; engine; energy recovery
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Fernández-Yáñez, P.; Armas, O.; Gómez, A.; Gil, A. Developing Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Models to Evaluate Available Energy in Exhaust Systems of Diesel Light-Duty Vehicles. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 590.

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