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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(4), 324; doi:10.3390/app7040324

Empirical Mode Decomposition of Ultrasound Imagingfor Gain-Independent Measurement on Tissue Echogenicity: A Feasibility Study

1
College of Life Science and Bioengineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
2
Faculty of Information Technology, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100124, China
3
Department of Medical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
4
Medical Imaging Research Center, Institute for Radiological Research, Chang Gung University and Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan 33302, Taiwan
5
Department of Medical Imaging and Intervention, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Taoyuan 33305, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dimitrios G. Aggelis
Received: 11 February 2017 / Revised: 25 February 2017 / Accepted: 22 March 2017 / Published: 25 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Acoustics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4820 KB, uploaded 25 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is an adaptive method for decomposing a signal into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs).This study explored using EMD of ultrasound imaging for gain-independent measurements on tissue echogenicity. The IMF-based echogenicity ratio (IER) was proposed using the first (C1) and second IMFs (C2) of ultrasound radiofrequency data. Experiments on lipid phantoms were conducted to investigate the practical performance of IER. Phantoms with lipid concentrations 0%–30% (n = 36) were scanned using a clinical ultrasound scanner to acquire the radiofrequency data under different gains (12–33 dB) for EMD and IER calculations. Experiments on a tissue-mimicking phantom were further performed using the same ultrasound system and data acquisition procedure to investigate the effect of ultrasound frequency on the IER at5–8 MHz.Experimental results showed that the IER measured under 33-dB gain decreased from 6.65 ± 0.23 to 3.97 ± 0.10 when the lipid concentrations were increased from 0% to 30%. When 12-dB gain was used, the IER decreased from 6.21 ± 0.29 to 3.39 ± 0.07. However, whenincreasing the frequency, the IER had a mean decreasing rate of −8.67% per MHz, which was lower than those of the C1 and C2 intensities.The proposed IER may allow gain-independent measurement on tissue echogenicity. View Full-Text
Keywords: empirical mode decomposition; intrinsic mode function; echogenicity empirical mode decomposition; intrinsic mode function; echogenicity
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Zhou, Z.; Wu, W.; Wu, S.; Jia, K.; Tsui, P.-H. Empirical Mode Decomposition of Ultrasound Imagingfor Gain-Independent Measurement on Tissue Echogenicity: A Feasibility Study. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 324.

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