Empirical Mode Decomposition of Ultrasound Imagingfor Gain-Independent Measurement on Tissue Echogenicity: A Feasibility Study
AbstractEmpirical mode decomposition (EMD) is an adaptive method for decomposing a signal into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs).This study explored using EMD of ultrasound imaging for gain-independent measurements on tissue echogenicity. The IMF-based echogenicity ratio (IER) was proposed using the first (C1) and second IMFs (C2) of ultrasound radiofrequency data. Experiments on lipid phantoms were conducted to investigate the practical performance of IER. Phantoms with lipid concentrations 0%–30% (n = 36) were scanned using a clinical ultrasound scanner to acquire the radiofrequency data under different gains (12–33 dB) for EMD and IER calculations. Experiments on a tissue-mimicking phantom were further performed using the same ultrasound system and data acquisition procedure to investigate the effect of ultrasound frequency on the IER at5–8 MHz.Experimental results showed that the IER measured under 33-dB gain decreased from 6.65 ± 0.23 to 3.97 ± 0.10 when the lipid concentrations were increased from 0% to 30%. When 12-dB gain was used, the IER decreased from 6.21 ± 0.29 to 3.39 ± 0.07. However, whenincreasing the frequency, the IER had a mean decreasing rate of −8.67% per MHz, which was lower than those of the C1 and C2 intensities.The proposed IER may allow gain-independent measurement on tissue echogenicity. View Full-Text
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Zhou, Z.; Wu, W.; Wu, S.; Jia, K.; Tsui, P.-H. Empirical Mode Decomposition of Ultrasound Imagingfor Gain-Independent Measurement on Tissue Echogenicity: A Feasibility Study. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 324.
Zhou Z, Wu W, Wu S, Jia K, Tsui P-H. Empirical Mode Decomposition of Ultrasound Imagingfor Gain-Independent Measurement on Tissue Echogenicity: A Feasibility Study. Applied Sciences. 2017; 7(4):324.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhou, Zhuhuang; Wu, Weiwei; Wu, Shuicai; Jia, Kebin; Tsui, Po-Hsiang. 2017. "Empirical Mode Decomposition of Ultrasound Imagingfor Gain-Independent Measurement on Tissue Echogenicity: A Feasibility Study." Appl. Sci. 7, no. 4: 324.
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