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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(4), 318; doi:10.3390/app7040318

Investigation of Interactive Strategies Used in Undertaking Collaborative Tasks

1,2
,
1,2,* and 2,*
1
Department of Instrumental and Electrical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361000, Fujian, China
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N1N4, Canada
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Walla
Received: 14 January 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 21 March 2017 / Published: 24 March 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1561 KB, uploaded 24 March 2017]   |  

Abstract

Collaborative virtual environments (CVEs) present ways for human users to work together on a task. Research efforts of CVEs have mainly focused on the factors that affect the task performance of the users, such as awareness, communication, and presence. Furthermore, the users involved normally have the same task experience or knowledge background. In this paper, we examined the effect of interactive strategies for human/human interaction, which involves human users with different levels of expertise. Within a CVE for an expert and a novice, we deployed three interactive strategies—Tele-Operation, Tele-Assistance3, and Tele-Assistance7—to give the three degrees of autonomy to the novice. Focusing on the performance of the novice, our findings revealed that each interactive strategy has a different effect on the task performance of the novice. These findings could aid in choosing an optimal interactive strategy for performing a collaborative task between an expert and a novice. View Full-Text
Keywords: human/human interaction; collaborative virtual environments; interactive strategies human/human interaction; collaborative virtual environments; interactive strategies
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lo, K.; Zeng, T.; Hu, Y. Investigation of Interactive Strategies Used in Undertaking Collaborative Tasks. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 318.

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