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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(2), 173; doi:10.3390/app7020173

Analysis of Field Data to Describe the Effect of Context (Acoustic and Non-Acoustic Factors) on Urban Soundscapes

TECNALIA Research & Innovation, Parque Tecnologico de Bizkaia C/Geldo, Edificio 700, E-48160 Derio, Spain
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Received: 29 September 2016 / Revised: 16 January 2017 / Accepted: 4 February 2017 / Published: 10 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Acoustics)
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Abstract

The need to improve acoustic environments in our cities has led to increased interest in correcting or minimising noise pollution in urban environments, something that has been associated with the resurgence of the soundscape approach. This line of research highlights the importance of context in the perception of acoustic environments. Despite this, few studies consider together a wide number of variables relating to the context, and analyse the relative importance of each. The purpose of this paper is therefore to identify the acoustic and non-acoustic characteristics of a place (context) that influence an individual’s perception of the sound environment and the relative importance of these factors in soundscape. The aim is to continue advancing in the definition of an acoustic comfort indicator for urban places. The data used here were collected in various soundscape campaigns carried out by Tecnalia in Bilbao (Spain) between 2011 and 2014. These studies involved 534 evaluations of 10 different places. The results indicate that many diverse contextual factors determine soundscape, the most important being the congruence between soundscape and landscape. The limitations of the findings and suggestions for further research are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: soundscape; acoustic comfort; acoustic environment; acoustic and non-acoustic predictors; environmental experience; questionnaires soundscape; acoustic comfort; acoustic environment; acoustic and non-acoustic predictors; environmental experience; questionnaires
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MDPI and ACS Style

Herranz-Pascual, K.; García, I.; Diez, I.; Santander, A.; Aspuru, I. Analysis of Field Data to Describe the Effect of Context (Acoustic and Non-Acoustic Factors) on Urban Soundscapes. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 173.

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