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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 1075; doi:10.3390/app7101075

Downdraft Assessment of Glass Curtain Wall Buildings with a Radiant Floor Heating System

1
Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
LG Hausys R&D Center, Seoul 08826, Korea
3
Department of Architecture, Jung-Gu Office, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2017 / Accepted: 12 October 2017 / Published: 17 October 2017
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Abstract

The present study aims to evaluate whether downdraft can be prevented by applying a radiant floor heating system in glass curtain wall buildings. A radiant floor heating system does not directly supply heat to cold air, but does so via heat exchange with a cold airflow. Assessing whether a downdraft is prevented is, thus, necessary. For this assessment, a radiant floor heating system was applied to perimeter zones with different window types modeled using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation. The relationship between the radiant floor heating system and the windows was examined via an assessment of the resulting downdraft by considering the radiant heat exchange effect between the window and the floor. The assessment was conducted by utilizing a CFD simulation. The simulation results show that the temperature difference between the air supplied through the radiant floor heating system and the air descending along the cold surface of the window increased when the radiant floor heating system was applied to a narrow area with a high temperature. Furthermore, the airflow velocity increased with the heat exchange. The airflow re-entered the window side, and the downdraft in the occupied area exceeded the strict value specified by the standards. Conversely, if heat were applied according to the indoor thermal output by widening the radiant heat area of the radiant floor heating system, a downdraft could occur as a result of a blocking failure prior to the influx of the cold air into the occupied area caused by low surface temperatures. Therefore, applying a radiant floor heating system is advantageous in a perimeter zone without causing airflow inducement at the window side with acceptable surface temperatures. View Full-Text
Keywords: downdraft; thermal comfort; radiant floor heating system; CFD downdraft; thermal comfort; radiant floor heating system; CFD
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Joe, G.; Kim, D.; Park, S.; Park, S.; Yeo, M.; Kim, K. Downdraft Assessment of Glass Curtain Wall Buildings with a Radiant Floor Heating System. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1075.

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