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Appl. Sci. 2017, 7(10), 1037; doi:10.3390/app7101037

An Integrated Risk Index Model Based on Hierarchical Fuzzy Logic for Underground Risk Assessment

1
Department of Computer Engineering, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea
2
ETRI, 218 Gajenong-ro Yuseung-Gu, Daejeon 34129, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 September 2017 / Revised: 2 October 2017 / Accepted: 7 October 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
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Abstract

Available space in congested cities is getting scarce due to growing urbanization in the recent past. The utilization of underground space is considered as a solution to the limited space in smart cities. The numbers of underground facilities are growing day by day in the developing world. Typical underground facilities include the transit subway, parking lots, electric lines, water supply and sewer lines. The likelihood of the occurrence of accidents due to underground facilities is a random phenomenon. To avoid any accidental loss, a risk assessment method is required to conduct the continuous risk assessment and report any abnormality before it happens. In this paper, we have proposed a hierarchical fuzzy inference based model for under-ground risk assessment. The proposed hierarchical fuzzy inference architecture reduces the total number of rules from the rule base. Rule reduction is important because the curse of dimensionality damages the transparency and interpretation as it is very tough to understand and justify hundreds or thousands of fuzzy rules. The computation time also increases as rules increase. The proposed model takes 175 rules having eight input parameters to compute the risk index, and the conventional fuzzy logic requires 390,625 rules, having the same number of input parameters to compute risk index. Hence, the proposed model significantly reduces the curse of dimensionality. Rule design for fuzzy logic is also a tedious task. In this paper, we have also introduced new rule schemes, namely maximum rule-based and average rule-based; both schemes can be used interchangeably according to the logic needed for rule design. The experimental results show that the proposed method is a virtuous choice for risk index calculation where the numbers of variables are greater. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuzzy logic; risk index; sewerage supply; underground structure; water supply fuzzy logic; risk index; sewerage supply; underground structure; water supply
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fayaz, M.; Ullah, I.; Park, D.-H.; Kim, K.; Kim, D. An Integrated Risk Index Model Based on Hierarchical Fuzzy Logic for Underground Risk Assessment. Appl. Sci. 2017, 7, 1037.

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