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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(6), 172; doi:10.3390/app6060172

Surface Roughness Analysis in the Hard Milling of JIS SKD61 Alloy Steel

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, 415 Chien Kung Road, Sanmin District, Kaohsiung 80778, Taiwan
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Academic Editor: Hamid Oughaddou
Received: 17 April 2016 / Revised: 16 May 2016 / Accepted: 30 May 2016 / Published: 8 June 2016
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Abstract

Hard machining is an efficient solution that can be used to replace the grinding operation in the mold and die manufacturing industry. In this study, an attempt is made to analyze the effect of process parameters on workpiece surface roughness (Ra) in the hard milling of JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard) SKD61 steel, based on a combination of the Taguchi method and response surface methodology (RSM). The cutting parameters are selected based on the structural dynamic analysis of the machine tool. A set of experiments is designed according to the Taguchi technique. The average Ra is measured by a Mitutoyo Surftest SJ-400, and then analysis of variance (ANOVA) is performed to determine the influences of cutting parameters on the given Ra. Quadratic mathematical modeling is introduced for prediction of the Ra during the hard milling process. The predicted values are in reasonable agreement with the observation of experiments. In an effort to obtain the minimizing Ra, a single objective optimization is employed based on the desirability function. The result shows that the percentage error between measured and predicted values of Ra is 3.2%, which is found to be insignificant. Eventually, the milled surface roughness under the optimized machining conditions is 0.122 µm. This finding shows that grinding may be replaced by finish hard milling in the mold and die manufacturing field. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface roughness; hard milling; Taguchi method; response surface methodology surface roughness; hard milling; Taguchi method; response surface methodology
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Nguyen, H.-T.; Hsu, Q.-C. Surface Roughness Analysis in the Hard Milling of JIS SKD61 Alloy Steel. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 172.

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