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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(3), 68; doi:10.3390/app6030068

State of the Art and Trends Review of Smart Metering in Electricity Grids

1
Centre for the Development of Renewable Energy Sources (CEDER)—Research Centre for Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEMAT), Autovía de Navarra A15, sal. 56, Lubia, Soria 42290, Spain
2
Department of Agricultural Engineering and Forestry, University of Valladolid (UVA), Campus Universitario Duques de Soria, Soria 42004, Spain
3
Department of Communications Engineering, ETSI Bilbao, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Alda Urkijo s/n, Bilbao 48013, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Minho Shin
Received: 29 October 2015 / Revised: 9 January 2016 / Accepted: 22 January 2016 / Published: 29 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Grid: Convergence and Interoperability)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1998 KB, uploaded 29 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

Climate change, awareness of energy efficiency, new trends in electricity markets, the obsolescence of the actual electricity model, and the gradual conversion of consumers to prosumer profiles are the main agents of progressive change in electricity systems towards the Smart Grid paradigm. The introduction of multiple distributed generation and storage resources, with a strong involvement of renewable energies, exposes the necessity of advanced metering or Smart Metering systems, able to manage and control those distributed resources. Due to the heterogeneity of the Smart Metering systems and the specific features of each grid, it is easy to find in the related literature a wide range of solutions with different features. This work describes the key elements in a Smart Metering system and compiles the most employed technologies and standards as well as their main features. Since Smart Metering systems can perform jointly with other activities, these growing initiatives are also addressed. Finally, a revision of the main trends in Smart Metering uses and deployments worldwide is included. View Full-Text
Keywords: communication technologies; electricity grids; smart grid; Smart Metering communication technologies; electricity grids; smart grid; Smart Metering
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Uribe-Pérez, N.; Hernández, L.; de la Vega, D.; Angulo, I. State of the Art and Trends Review of Smart Metering in Electricity Grids. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 68.

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