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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(12), 380; doi:10.3390/app6120380

Spatial Statistical Analysis of Urban Noise Data from a WASN Gathered by an IoT System: Application to a Small City

1
Computer Science Department, Escola Tècnica Superior d’Enginyeria, Universitat de València, Burjassot 46100, Spain
2
Statistics and Operation Research Department, Universitat de València, Burjassot 46100, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gino Iannace
Received: 21 September 2016 / Revised: 28 October 2016 / Accepted: 16 November 2016 / Published: 26 November 2016
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Abstract

EU Directive 49/2002 and Spanish law 37/2006 urge cities to develop strategic noise maps and action plans to evaluate noise exposure and to establish noise abatement procedures in critical areas. However, noise mapping involves costly and cumbersome measurement procedures that can become a real issue in practice. This paper describes a distributed noise monitoring system based on WASN (Wireless Acoustic Sensor Network) and the application of a geo-statistical methodology for statistical spatial-temporal prediction of noise levels in semi-open areas, such as a typical, small Mediterranean city (Algemesí, València, Spain). This methodology is applied to the study of the spatial evolution in time of the noise pollution. To this end, a spatial statistical model is developed by using the noise pollution measurements obtained over a set of points located at some strategic locations. The geo-statistical time model allows for estimating specific noise levels and characterizing the spatial-temporal variation of the noise pollution. The results show that the developed model provides a good approximation of the measurements obtained experimentally. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban noise; Wireless Acoustic Sensor Network (WASN); Internet of Things (IoT); spatial-temporal statistics urban noise; Wireless Acoustic Sensor Network (WASN); Internet of Things (IoT); spatial-temporal statistics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Segura Garcia, J.; Pérez Solano, J.J.; Cobos Serrano, M.; Navarro Camba, E.A.; Felici Castell, S.; Soriano Asensi, A.; Montes Suay, F. Spatial Statistical Analysis of Urban Noise Data from a WASN Gathered by an IoT System: Application to a Small City. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 380.

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