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Appl. Sci. 2016, 6(11), 375; doi:10.3390/app6110375

Ammonium Removal from Landfill Leachate by Means of Multiple Recycling of Struvite Residues Obtained through Acid Decomposition

1
Department of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, University of Calabria, 87036 Rende, Italy
2
Econet Srl, 88046 Lamezia Terme, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Samuel B. Adeloju
Received: 12 September 2016 / Revised: 11 November 2016 / Accepted: 15 November 2016 / Published: 22 November 2016
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Abstract

The treatment of landfill leachate, due to its great polluting load, is a very difficult task. In particular, the abatement of high ammonium concentrations represents one of the main issues. Among the available techniques, struvite precipitation is an effective method for the removal and recovery of NH4+ load. However, due to the lack of phosphorus and magnesium amounts, the struvite formation results in an expensive process in the leachate treatment. To overcome this issue, in the present work, we developed a simple and suitable method for ammonium removal by the multiple recycling of struvite decomposition residues. In this regard, a procedure for acid dissolution of struvite, produced by using industrial grade reagents, was initially defined. The effect of pH, temperature, and acid type was investigated. The experimental results proved the effectiveness of both hydrochloric and acetic acid, which allow a high and selective release of ammonium at T = 50 °C and pH = 5.5. The multiple reuse of decomposition products, combined with the supplementation of a small quantity of phosphorus and magnesium at molar ratios of n(N):n(Mg):n(P) = 1:0.05:0.05, guarantees stable NH4+ abatement of about 82%. The proposed process allows a cost saving of around to 74% and can be easily applied in industrial treatment plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: ammonium removal; landfill leachate; struvite; wastewater treatment ammonium removal; landfill leachate; struvite; wastewater treatment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Siciliano, A.; Stillitano, M.A.; Limonti, C.; Marchio, F. Ammonium Removal from Landfill Leachate by Means of Multiple Recycling of Struvite Residues Obtained through Acid Decomposition. Appl. Sci. 2016, 6, 375.

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