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Appl. Sci. 2015, 5(4), 955-972; doi:10.3390/app5040955

Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Vibrational and Electronic Properties of (2E)-2-[3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-1-phenyl-propylidene]-N-phenylhydrazinecarboxamide: An Anticonvulsant Agent

1
Department of Physics, Bharathidasan Government College for Women (BGCW), Puducherry 605003, India
2
Department of Physics, Avvaiyar Government College for Women (AGCW), Karaikal Puducherry 609602, India
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2457, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
4
Department of Chemistry, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
5
Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, Pharmaceutical and Drug Industries Research Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza 12622, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Helmut Martin Hügel and Totaro Imasaka
Received: 29 August 2015 / Revised: 14 October 2015 / Accepted: 20 October 2015 / Published: 29 October 2015
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Abstract

In the current investigation, the molecular structure of the anticonvulsant agent (2E)-2-[3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-1-phenylpropylidene]-N-phenylhydrazinecarboxamide ((2E)-HIPC) was theoretically modelled using ab initio Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP) calculations. The Fourier transform (FT) infrared and FT-Raman spectra of (2E)-HIPC were also recorded, and the observed bands were assigned to the vibrational normal modes. The main functional groups were identified via vibrational analysis, and their absorption bands were assigned. A comparative analysis was performed for the computed and experimental results. Subtle differences were observed between the calculated and experimental UV-Vis spectra. Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) excitation energies were calculated for five excited electronic states. The calculations were applied to simulate the spectra of (2E)-HIPC, and these simulated spectra exhibited excellent agreement with the experimental spectra. The DFT/B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) method, after scaling, exhibited better agreement with the experimental values than the results obtained by the HF method. The energy, oscillator strength, and wavelength computed by TD-DFT (IEFPCM) are consistent with the experimental results. The molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) and frontier molecular orbitals (HOMO-LUMO) were also determined to enable prediction of the structural changes and reactive sites. Mulliken population charges of the title molecule were also calculated in the gas phase. The NMR chemical shifts (13C and 1H) were calculated using the gauge-including atomic orbital method and the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) approach and were compared with the experimental values. View Full-Text
Keywords: (2E)-HIPC; FT-IR; FT-Raman; DFT/B3LYP; HF (2E)-HIPC; FT-IR; FT-Raman; DFT/B3LYP; HF
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Govindarajan, M.; Abdelhameed, A.S.; Al-Saadi, A.A.; Attia, M.I. Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the Vibrational and Electronic Properties of (2E)-2-[3-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)-1-phenyl-propylidene]-N-phenylhydrazinecarboxamide: An Anticonvulsant Agent. Appl. Sci. 2015, 5, 955-972.

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