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Appl. Sci. 2015, 5(3), 222-240; doi:10.3390/app5030222

A Laboratory Test Expert System for Clinical Diagnosis Support in Primary Health Care

Computer Science Department, Alcalá University, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid 28871, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Takayoshi Kobayashi
Received: 15 May 2015 / Accepted: 30 July 2015 / Published: 4 August 2015
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Abstract

Clinical Decision Support Systems have the potential to reduce lack of communication and errors in diagnostic steps in primary health care. Literature reports have showed great advances in clinical decision support systems in the recent years, which have proven its usefulness in improving the quality of care. However, most of these systems are focused on specific areas of diseases. In this way, we propose a rule-based expert system, which supports clinicians in primary health care, providing a list of possible diseases regarding patient’s laboratory tests results in order to assist previous diagnosis. Our system also allows storing and retrieving patient’s data and the history of patient’s analyses, establishing a basis for coordination between the various health care levels. A validation step and speed performance tests were made to check the quality of the system. We conclude that our system could improve clinician accuracy and speed, resulting in more efficiency and better quality of service. Finally, we propose some recommendations for further research. View Full-Text
Keywords: expert system; rule-based; framework; clinician; primary health care; laboratory test expert system; rule-based; framework; clinician; primary health care; laboratory test
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fernandez-Millan, R.; Medina-Merodio, J.-A.; Plata, R.B.; Martinez-Herraiz, J.-J.; Gutierrez-Martinez, J.-M. A Laboratory Test Expert System for Clinical Diagnosis Support in Primary Health Care. Appl. Sci. 2015, 5, 222-240.

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