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Appl. Sci. 2014, 4(2), 305-317; doi:10.3390/app4020305

Electrical Properties of Graphene for Interconnect Applications

1,2,*  and 3
1 Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, via G. Di Biasio 43, Cassino 03043, Italy 2 INFN–LNF, Frascati National Laboratory, National Institute of Nuclear Physics, via E. Fermi 40, Frascati 00044, Italy 3 Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, University Federico II of Naples, via Claudio 21, Napoli 80125, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 March 2014 / Revised: 14 May 2014 / Accepted: 14 May 2014 / Published: 30 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Towards Applications of Graphene)
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A semi-classical electrodynamical model is derived to describe the electrical transport along graphene, based on the modified Boltzmann transport equation. The model is derived in the typical operating conditions predicted for future integrated circuits nano-interconnects, i.e., a low bias condition and an operating frequency up to 1 THz. A generalized non-local dispersive Ohm’s law is derived, which can be regarded as the constitutive equation for the material. The behavior of the electrical conductivity is studied with reference to a 2D case (the infinite graphene layer) and a 1D case (the graphene nanoribbons). The modulation effects of the nanoribbons’ size and chirality are highlighted, as well as the spatial dispersion introduced in the 2D case by the dyadic nature of the conductivity.
Keywords: graphene; graphene nanoribbons; nano-interconnects graphene; graphene nanoribbons; nano-interconnects
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Maffucci, A.; Miano, G. Electrical Properties of Graphene for Interconnect Applications. Appl. Sci. 2014, 4, 305-317.

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