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Environments 2017, 4(4), 83; doi:10.3390/environments4040083

Vulnerability of Coastal Beach Tourism to Flooding: A Case Study of Galicia, Spain

1
Department of Business Organization, Business Administration and Tourism School, University of Vigo, 32004 Ourense, Spain
2
School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, 39182 Kalmar, Sweden
3
Service Management and Service Studies, Lund University, 25108 Helsingborg, Sweden
4
Western Norway Research Institute, 6851 Sogndal, Norway
5
Department of Management, Marketing & Entrepreneurship, University of Canterbury, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand
6
Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 6 November 2017 / Accepted: 11 November 2017 / Published: 16 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Territorial Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4431 KB, uploaded 17 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Flooding, as a result of heavy rains and/or storm surges, is a persistent problem in coastal areas. Under scenarios of climate change, there are expectations that flooding events will become more frequent in some areas and potentially more intense. This poses a potential threat to coastal communities relying heavily on coastal resources, such as beaches for tourism. This paper develops a methodology for the assessment of coastal flooding risks, based on an index that compares 16 hydrogeomorphological, biophysical, human exposure and resilience indicators, with a specific focus on tourism. The paper then uses an existing flood vulnerability assessment of 724 beaches in Galicia (Spain) to test the index for tourism. Results indicate that approximately 10% of tourism beaches are at high risk to flooding, including 10 urban and 36 rural beaches. Implications for adaptation and coastal management are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: beaches; climate change; flooding; tourism; vulnerability beaches; climate change; flooding; tourism; vulnerability
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Toubes, D.R.; Gössling, S.; Hall, C.M.; Scott, D. Vulnerability of Coastal Beach Tourism to Flooding: A Case Study of Galicia, Spain. Environments 2017, 4, 83.

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