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Environments 2017, 4(3), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments4030060

A Methodology of Health Effects Estimation from Air Pollution in Large Asian Cities

1
Global Networking and Public Relations, Japan Automobile Research Institute, 1-1-30, Shibadaimon, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0012, Japan
2
Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, 1646 Abiko, Abiko-shi, Chiba-ken 270-1194, Japan
3
Bureau of Construction, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, 2-8-1 Nishi Shinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 163-8001, Japan
4
The Institute of of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, 1-13-27 Kasuga, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2017 / Revised: 15 August 2017 / Accepted: 18 August 2017 / Published: 7 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Exposure to Environmental Contaminants)
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Abstract

The increase of health effects caused by air pollution seems to be a growing concern in Asian cities with increasing motorization. This paper discusses methods of estimating the health effects of air pollution in large Asian cities. Due to the absence of statistical data in Asia, this paper carefully chooses the methodology using data of the Japanese compensation system. A basic idea of health effects will be captured from simple indicators, such as population and air quality, in a correlation model. This correlation model enables more estimation results of respiratory mortality caused by air pollution to be yielded than by using the relative model. The correlation model could be an alternative method to estimate mortality besides the relative risk model since the results of the correlation model are comparable with those of the relative model by city and by time series. The classification of respiratory diseases is not known from the statistical yearbooks in many countries. Estimation results could support policy decision-making with respect to public health in a cost-effective way. View Full-Text
Keywords: air quality; compensation system; relative risk; correlation model; Asia air quality; compensation system; relative risk; correlation model; Asia
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Hirota, K.; Sakamoto, S.; Shibuya, S.; Kashima, S. A Methodology of Health Effects Estimation from Air Pollution in Large Asian Cities. Environments 2017, 4, 60.

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