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Behav. Sci. 2018, 8(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs8020023

Coordinated Interpersonal Behaviour in Collective Dance Improvisation: The Aesthetics of Kinaesthetic Togetherness

1
Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering, Aalto University, 02150 Espoo, Finland
2
ICI-Project, Labex Arts H2H, Université Paris 8, 93526 Saint-Denis, France
3
Akoustic Arts, 157 Boulevard MacDonald, 75019 Paris, France
4
EA 7410 SACRe, Université Paris Sciences et Lettres/École normale supérieure, 75230 Paris, France
5
Department of Music, Mind and Technology, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylän yliopisto, Finland
6
UMR 7023 CNRS/Université Paris 8, 75017 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Embodied Aesthetics and Interpersonal Resonance)
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Abstract

Collective dance improvisation (e.g., traditional and social dancing, contact improvisation) is a participatory, relational and embodied art form which eschews standard concepts in aesthetics. We present our ongoing research into the mechanisms underlying the lived experience of “togetherness” associated with such practices. Togetherness in collective dance improvisation is kinaesthetic (based on movement and its perception), and so can be simultaneously addressed from the perspective of the performers and the spectators, and be measured. We utilise these multiple levels of description: the first-person, phenomenological level of personal experiences, the third-person description of brain and body activity, and the level of interpersonal dynamics. Here, we describe two of our protocols: a four-person mirror game and a ‘rhythm battle’ dance improvisation score. Using an interpersonal closeness measure after the practice, we correlate subjective sense of individual/group connectedness and observed levels of in-group temporal synchronization. We propose that kinaesthetic togetherness, or interpersonal resonance, is integral to the aesthetic pleasure of the participants and spectators, and that embodied feeling of togetherness might play a role more generally in aesthetic experience in the performing arts. View Full-Text
Keywords: improvisation; kinaesthetics; togetherness; coordination; interpersonal behaviours; agency; mirroring; rhythm; movement analysis; embodiment; enactivism improvisation; kinaesthetics; togetherness; coordination; interpersonal behaviours; agency; mirroring; rhythm; movement analysis; embodiment; enactivism
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Himberg, T.; Laroche, J.; Bigé, R.; Buchkowski, M.; Bachrach, A. Coordinated Interpersonal Behaviour in Collective Dance Improvisation: The Aesthetics of Kinaesthetic Togetherness. Behav. Sci. 2018, 8, 23.

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