Next Article in Journal
What Can Synergetics Contribute to Embodied Aesthetics?
Previous Article in Journal
Practice of Environmentally Significant Behaviours in Rural China: From Being Motivated by Economic Gains to Being Motivated by Environmental Considerations
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Behav. Sci. 2017, 7(3), 60; doi:10.3390/bs7030060

Does Growing up in Urban Compared to Rural Areas Shape Primary Emotional Traits?

1
Department of Molecular Psychology, Institute for Psychology and Education, Ulm University, 89081 Ulm, Germany
2
Key Laboratory for NeuroInformation/Center for Information in Medicine, School of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
3
Student Counseling Center, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China
4
School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 18 August 2017 / Accepted: 21 August 2017 / Published: 29 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Effects of Natural Environments on Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [229 KB, uploaded 29 August 2017]

Abstract

Growing up in urban areas represents a possible risk factor in the genesis of psychopathologies. The aim of the present study was to investigate the link between urbanicity variables and indicators for psychiatric disorders. We investigated a potential association between primary emotional traits and urbanicity variables in 324 individuals from Germany and 713 individuals from China. Higher scores in the urbanicity index in childhood were inversely associated with FEAR and SADNESS only in adult Chinese females. These effects seemed to be driven by living in Chinese mega-cities, because a parallel sample from Germany and China (contrasting upbringing in cities with the categories <10,000 inhabitants, ≥10,000 inhabitants (but <100,000), and ≥100,000 inhabitants) resulted in weaker, but more similar effects in females in both countries. Additional associations could be observed with higher PLAY and urban upbringing in Chinese males. The results seem surprising, given an expectation of adverse emotional effects from growing up in todays’ mega-cities compared to rural areas. Although we do not want to over-interpret our findings (given rather small correlations and multiple testing issues), they should encourage researchers to consider including urbanicity variables in personality neuroscience and personality oriented clinical psychiatric research. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood; (mega-)cities; primary emotional traits; urbanicity index; Germany; China childhood; (mega-)cities; primary emotional traits; urbanicity index; Germany; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sindermann, C.; Kendrick, K.M.; Becker, B.; Li, M.; Li, S.; Montag, C. Does Growing up in Urban Compared to Rural Areas Shape Primary Emotional Traits? Behav. Sci. 2017, 7, 60.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Behav. Sci. EISSN 2076-328X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top