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Behav. Sci. 2017, 7(2), 37; doi:10.3390/bs7020037

NADA Ear Acupuncture: An Adjunctive Therapy to Improve and Maintain Positive Outcomes in Substance Abuse Treatment

1
Integrative Psychiatry Consultant, Keystone Substance Abuse Services, 199 S Herlong Ave, Rock Hill, SC 29732, USA
2
Outpatient Psychiatry, Carolinas healthcare System BH, Charlotte 501 Billingsley Road, Charlotte, NC 28211, USA
3
Professor of Sociology, Winthrop University, 334 Kinard Hall, Rock Hill, SC 29730, USA
4
NCC Executive Director Keystone Substance Abuse Services, PO Box4437/199 S. Herlong Avenue, Rock Hill, SC 29732, USA
5
Acupuncture Solutions, 220 Freeman Farm Road, Duncan, SC 29334, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Scott J. Hunter
Received: 14 February 2017 / Revised: 30 April 2017 / Accepted: 8 June 2017 / Published: 16 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Race, Ethnicity, and Drug Addiction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [952 KB, uploaded 16 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association protocol (NADA) is an adjunctive therapy using 1 to 5 invariant ear acupuncture/acupressure points. This is a randomized prospective study to determine if NADA plus traditional treatment enhance outcomes: quality of life, depression, anxiety and abstinence from substance abuse. There were 100 patients enrolled in the Keystone Substance Abuse Services-Winthrop University Department of Sociology and Anthropology NADA study. All patients completed Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES) prior to starting the program and at program completion. Patients self-reported alcohol, tobacco, and drug use prior to starting the program at program completion and at 3 and 6 month follow- up. Patient characteristics are predictive of completion versus non-completion when race, criminal history and initial drug test is considered. Those identified as nonwhite, (p < 0.05) and patients with positive initial drug test, (p < 0.01) were more likely to complete treatment in the NADA group. Also, among patients with criminal history a higher percentage failed to complete the program in the control group (p < 0.05). Participation in NADA positively associated with Q-LES score (p < 0.05), feeling better about oneself and improved energy (p < 0.05), likelihood of employment upon discharge (p < 0.05), and decreased alcohol use at 3 month follow up (p < 0.05) and 6-month follow-up (p < 0.01). NADA group reported less tobacco use at 6 months (p < 0.05). View Full-Text
Keywords: The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association protocol (NADA); ear acupuncture; substance abuse; behavioral health; addiction; acudetox The National Acupuncture Detoxification Association protocol (NADA); ear acupuncture; substance abuse; behavioral health; addiction; acudetox
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MDPI and ACS Style

Carter, K.; Olshan-Perlmutter, M.; Marx, J.; Martini, J.F.; Cairns, S.B. NADA Ear Acupuncture: An Adjunctive Therapy to Improve and Maintain Positive Outcomes in Substance Abuse Treatment. Behav. Sci. 2017, 7, 37.

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