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Behav. Sci. 2017, 7(2), 20; doi:10.3390/bs7020020

Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Knowledge, Threat and Coping Appraisal, and Intention to Practice Healthy Behaviors Related to Non-Communicable Diseases in the Thai Population

1
Department of Family Health, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
2
Bamrasnaradura Infectious Disease Institute, Ministry of Public Health, Nontaburi 11000, Thailand
3
Medical Research Network of the consortium of Thai medical schools, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
4
Lam Fha Pha Health Promoting Hospital, Samutprakan 10290, Thailand
5
Ni Klong Bangplakod Health Promoting Hospital, Samutprakan 10290, Thailand
6
Phra Samutchedi Public Health office, Samutprakan 10290, Thailand
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Scott J. Hunter
Received: 31 January 2017 / Revised: 31 March 2017 / Accepted: 12 April 2017 / Published: 14 April 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [389 KB, uploaded 14 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are important issues in Thailand and health sectors are now focusing on modifiable risks that include cognitive, affective and behavioral factors. This study aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire to assess knowledge about NCDs, threat appraisal, coping appraisal and intention to practice based on protection motivation theory. Content validity was determined by the mean of the item content validity index (I-CVI) from five experts. The questionnaire was pilot tested for difficulty of knowledge items and reliability test using the Kuder-Richardson (KR)-20 and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient among 30 Thai adult subjects in the health office for two sub-districts. The mean I-CVI ranged from 0.90–1.00 and difficulty of knowledge ranged from 0.3–0.9. The reliability test of knowledge by KR-20 ranged from 0.648–0.799, while Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of threat and coping appraisal and intention to practice ranged from 0.70–0.843. We compared sociodemographic data, knowledge about NCDs, threat appraisal, coping appraisal and intention to practice between 50 diabetic type 2 cases and 50 controls. T2DM cases had higher age, knowledge scores on diabetes and hypertension, threat appraisal scores on hypertension and cardiovascular disease when compared with control (p < 0.05). The questionnaire was valid and sufficiently reliable to use for data collection. View Full-Text
Keywords: NCDs; PMT; reliability test; validation of questionnaire NCDs; PMT; reliability test; validation of questionnaire
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Chamroonsawasdi, K.; Chottanapund, S.; Tunyasitthisundhorn, P.; Phokaewsuksa, N.; Ruksujarit, T.; Phasuksathaporn, P. Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Knowledge, Threat and Coping Appraisal, and Intention to Practice Healthy Behaviors Related to Non-Communicable Diseases in the Thai Population. Behav. Sci. 2017, 7, 20.

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