Ethnic Differences in Personality Disorder Patterns among Women Veterans Diagnosed with PTSD
AbstractPersonality Disorders (PDs) impair the ability to function socially and occupationally. PD prevalence rates among veterans who have also been diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) range from 45%–79%. This study examined ethnic differences in PDs assessed with the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III in 260 non-Hispanic white (64%), Hispanic (27%), and African American (9%), mostly single, women veterans in treatment for PTSD. After adjusting for covariates including number and sexual-nature of trauma, findings revealed the adjusted odds ratio of having a cluster A PD was almost three times higher for African Americans (p = 0.046) then the other two ethnic groups, which may be driven by the paranoid PD scale and potentially reflects an adaptive response to racial discrimination. In cluster designation analysis, the odds were twice as high of having a cluster B PD with childhood trauma (p = 0.046), and a cluster C PD with sexual trauma (p = 0.004), demonstrating the significance of childhood and sexual trauma on long-term chronic personality patterns in women veterans. These results highlight the importance of using instruments with demonstrated diagnostic validity for minority populations.
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C'de Baca, J.; Castillo, D.T.; Mackaronis, J.E.; Qualls, C. Ethnic Differences in Personality Disorder Patterns among Women Veterans Diagnosed with PTSD. Behav. Sci. 2014, 4, 72-86.
C'de Baca J, Castillo DT, Mackaronis JE, Qualls C. Ethnic Differences in Personality Disorder Patterns among Women Veterans Diagnosed with PTSD. Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 4(1):72-86.Chicago/Turabian Style
C'de Baca, Janet; Castillo, Diane T.; Mackaronis, Julia E.; Qualls, Clifford. 2014. "Ethnic Differences in Personality Disorder Patterns among Women Veterans Diagnosed with PTSD." Behav. Sci. 4, no. 1: 72-86.