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Behav. Sci. 2014, 4(1), 31-41; doi:10.3390/bs4010031
Article

Effectiveness of Group-Delivered Cognitive Therapy and Treatment Length in Women Veterans with PTSD

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Received: 21 October 2013; in revised form: 13 December 2013 / Accepted: 6 January 2014 / Published: 10 January 2014
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Abstract: The effectiveness and length of group-delivered cognitive treatment for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was examined in a sample of women veterans. The sample included 271 primarily non-Hispanic white (61%) and Hispanic (25%) women veterans treated in 8-, 10-, or 12-group length sessions with manualized cognitive therapy for PTSD. Outcome was measured with the PTSD Symptom Checklist (PCL) in an intention-to-treat analysis (N = 271), in completer subjects (n = 172), and with group as the unit of analysis (n = 47 groups). Significant decreases in PTSD were found in the full sample (effect size [ES] range = 0.27 to 0.38), completers (ES range = 0.37 to 0.54), and group as the unit of analysis (ES range = 0.71 to 0.92), suggesting effectiveness of cognitive group treatment for PTSD. PCL scores significantly improved in the 8, 10, and 12 group lengths, with no differences between each. Clinical improvement showed a third decreasing 10 or more PCL points and 22% no longer meeting PTSD diagnostic criteria, with the best results in the 10-session group. The results suggest group-delivered cognitive therapy is an effective, efficient, time-limited treatment for PTSD.
Keywords: PTSD; cognitive processing therapy; group therapy; women veterans PTSD; cognitive processing therapy; group therapy; women veterans
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Castillo, D.T.; Lacefield, K.; Baca, J.C.; Blankenship, A.; Qualls, C. Effectiveness of Group-Delivered Cognitive Therapy and Treatment Length in Women Veterans with PTSD. Behav. Sci. 2014, 4, 31-41.

AMA Style

Castillo DT, Lacefield K, Baca JC, Blankenship A, Qualls C. Effectiveness of Group-Delivered Cognitive Therapy and Treatment Length in Women Veterans with PTSD. Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 4(1):31-41.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castillo, Diane T.; Lacefield, Katharine; Baca, Janet C.; Blankenship, Abby; Qualls, Clifford. 2014. "Effectiveness of Group-Delivered Cognitive Therapy and Treatment Length in Women Veterans with PTSD." Behav. Sci. 4, no. 1: 31-41.


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