Next Article in Journal
The Reality Monitoring Deficit as a Common Neuropsychological Correlate of Schizophrenic and Affective Psychosis
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Mill and Mental Phenomena: Critical Contributions to a Science of Cognition
Behav. Sci. 2013, 3(2), 232-243; doi:10.3390/bs3020232
Review

St. Augustine’s Reflections on Memory and Time and the Current Concept of Subjective Time in Mental Time Travel

1,* , 2
 and 3
Received: 26 February 2013; in revised form: 16 April 2013 / Accepted: 17 April 2013 / Published: 25 April 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue What is Cognition?)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [256 KB, uploaded 25 April 2013]
Abstract: Reconstructing the past and anticipating the future, i.e., the ability of travelling in mental time, is thought to be at the heart of consciousness and, by the same token, at the center of human cognition. This extraordinary mental activity is possible thanks to the ability of being aware of ‘subjective time’. In the present study, we attempt to trace back the first recorded reflections on the relations between time and memory, to the end of the fourth century’s work, the Confessions, by the theologian and philosopher, St. Augustine. We concentrate on Book 11, where he extensively developed a series of articulated and detailed observations on memory and time. On the bases of selected paragraphs, we endeavor to highlight some concepts that may be considered as the product of the first or, at least, very early reflections related to our current notions of subjective time in mental time travel. We also draw a fundamental difference inherent to the frameworks within which the questions were raised. The contribution of St. Augustine on time and memory remains significant, notwithstanding the 16 centuries elapsed since it was made, likely because of the universality of its contents.
Keywords: St. Augustine; subjective time; memory; mental time travel St. Augustine; subjective time; memory; mental time travel
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Manning, L.; Cassel, D.; Cassel, J.-C. St. Augustine’s Reflections on Memory and Time and the Current Concept of Subjective Time in Mental Time Travel. Behav. Sci. 2013, 3, 232-243.

AMA Style

Manning L, Cassel D, Cassel J-C. St. Augustine’s Reflections on Memory and Time and the Current Concept of Subjective Time in Mental Time Travel. Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 3(2):232-243.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manning, Liliann; Cassel, Daniel; Cassel, Jean-Christophe. 2013. "St. Augustine’s Reflections on Memory and Time and the Current Concept of Subjective Time in Mental Time Travel." Behav. Sci. 3, no. 2: 232-243.


Behav. Sci. EISSN 2076-328X Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert