Cognition is … Fundamentally Cultural
AbstractA prevailing concept of cognition in psychology is inspired by the computer metaphor. Its focus on mental states that are generated and altered by information input, processing, storage and transmission invites a disregard for the cultural dimension of cognition, based on three (implicit) assumptions: cognition is internal, processing can be distinguished from content, and processing is independent of cultural background. Arguing against each of these assumptions, we point out how culture may affect cognitive processes in various ways, drawing on instances from numerical cognition, ethnobiological reasoning, and theory of mind. Given the pervasive cultural modulation of cognition—on all of Marr’s levels of description—we conclude that cognition is indeed fundamentally cultural, and that consideration of its cultural dimension is essential for a comprehensive understanding.
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Bender, A.; Beller, S. Cognition is … Fundamentally Cultural. Behav. Sci. 2013, 3, 42-54.
Bender A, Beller S. Cognition is … Fundamentally Cultural. Behavioral Sciences. 2013; 3(1):42-54.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bender, Andrea; Beller, Sieghard. 2013. "Cognition is … Fundamentally Cultural." Behav. Sci. 3, no. 1: 42-54.