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Med. Sci. 2015, 3(4), 93-103; doi:10.3390/medsci3040093

Serious Drug-Drug Interactions in the Prescriptions of Diabetic Patients

Department of Pharmaceutics, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu-641004, India
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu-Jia Chang
Received: 24 May 2015 / Revised: 21 September 2015 / Accepted: 22 September 2015 / Published: 1 October 2015
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Abstract

A large number of drugs are introduced every year, and newer interactions between medications are increasingly reported. Clinically significant drug interactions can occur when two or more drugs are taken in combination. With the continuing increase in the list of drugs capable of interactions, detection of these interactions from prescriptions becomes more important to ensure effective patient care. The aim of this study is to identify the possible drug interactions in the prescriptions of diabetic inpatients and to make physicians aware of these interactions to prevent the occurrence of clinically adverse effects. In a specially designed and validated data entry format, data for the following criteria were collected: drugs prescribed, major drug class prescribed, pharmacological classification of the observed drug interaction, and frequently occurring drug interactions. All the possible drug interactions were identified and evaluated using standard drug interaction reference books and databases. During the study period, 50 prescriptions of diabetic inpatients were screened randomly. Out of these prescriptions, 35 (70%) prescriptions had at least one possible drug-drug interaction. The major classes of drugs causing interactions included cardiac drugs (92%), analgesic drugs (66%), antibiotic drugs (52%), antidiabetic drugs (26%), diuretic drugs (26%), and antipsychotic drugs (24%). This study showed that 34 (68%) of the above prescriptions had minor interactions, 33(66%) had moderate interactions, and 10 (20%) had severe interactions. Of these, the drugs prescribed specifically for diabetes caused only nine moderate interactions. Thus, screening of prescriptions by the clinical pharmacist will help to minimize clinical occurrence of major/severe drug interactions in diabetic patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; drug interactions; identification; prescriptions diabetes mellitus; drug interactions; identification; prescriptions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sankar, V.; Saaed, Y.; Joseph, R.M.; Azizi, H.; Thomas, P.M. Serious Drug-Drug Interactions in the Prescriptions of Diabetic Patients. Med. Sci. 2015, 3, 93-103.

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