Next Article in Journal
Migration and Morphology of Asymmetric Barchans in the Central Hexi Corridor of Northwest China
Previous Article in Journal
Preliminary Data Validation and Reconstruction of Temperature and Precipitation in Central Italy
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Geosciences 2018, 8(6), 203; https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8060203

Response of Soils and Soil Ecosystems to the Pennsylvanian–Permian Climate Transition in the Upper Fluvial Plain of the Dunkard Basin, Southeastern Ohio, USA

Department of Geological Sciences, Ohio University, 316 Clippinger Laboratories, Athens, OH 45701, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 May 2018 / Revised: 30 May 2018 / Accepted: 1 June 2018 / Published: 5 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Biogeosciences)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8670 KB, uploaded 5 June 2018]   |  

Abstract

Direct exposure of paleosols to the atmosphere during formation make them ideal for reconstructing paleoclimate. Paleosol and ichnofossil properties are dependently linked making it important to study them in tandem, to avoid errors in interpretation. Small scale studies (<1 km) yield high resolution data that can be used to assess allogenic processes through comparison of spatial and temporal trends. This study used field and laboratory analyses to gather data from Late Pennsylvanian to Early Permian Upper Monongahela and Lower Dunkard group paleosols on Ohio Route 33 in Meigs County, OH, USA. The physical and geochemical properties of the paleosols from the field sites indicate that channel migration was the primary control on paleosol formation in the study area, however, a clear climate signal was observed. The change in paleosol type and calculated mean annual precipitation (MAP) values indicate that the climate became more strongly seasonal and drier over the course of the Pennsylvanian–Permian transition with a temporary excursion to a more ever-wet climate with higher MAP, marked by the occurrence of the Waynesburg Coal at the Pennsylvanian–Permian boundary. View Full-Text
Keywords: paleosol; ichnofossil; continental; paleoecology; paleoenvironment paleosol; ichnofossil; continental; paleoecology; paleoenvironment
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hembree, D.I.; Carnes, J.L. Response of Soils and Soil Ecosystems to the Pennsylvanian–Permian Climate Transition in the Upper Fluvial Plain of the Dunkard Basin, Southeastern Ohio, USA. Geosciences 2018, 8, 203.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top