Next Article in Journal
A Multi-Satellite Approach for Water Storage Monitoring in an Arid Watershed
Previous Article in Journal
Motivated for Action and Collaboration: The Abrahamic Religions and Climate Change
Previous Article in Special Issue
Integrating Expert Knowledge with Statistical Analysis for Landslide Susceptibility Assessment at Regional Scale
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Geosciences 2016, 6(3), 32; doi:10.3390/geosciences6030032

Three-Dimensional Geological Model of Quaternary Sediments in Walworth County, Wisconsin, USA

1
Department of Geography-Geology, Campus Box 4400, Normal, IL 61790-4400, USA
2
Illinois State Geological Survey, 615 East Peabody Ave., Champaign, IL 61820, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yongwei Sheng
Received: 28 January 2016 / Revised: 19 May 2016 / Accepted: 28 June 2016 / Published: 11 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Remote Sensing and GIS for Geomorphological Mapping)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [15046 KB, uploaded 11 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

A three-dimensional (3D) geologic model was developed for Quaternary deposits in southern Walworth County, WI using Petrel, a software package primarily designed for use in the energy industry. The purpose of this research was to better delineate and characterize the shallow glacial deposits, which include multiple shallow sand and gravel aquifers. The 3D model of Walworth County was constructed using datasets such as the U.S. Geological Survey 30 m digital elevation model (DEM) of land surface, published maps of the regional surficial geology and bedrock topography, and a database of water-well records. Using 3D visualization and interpretation tools, more than 1400 lithostratigraphic picks were efficiently interpreted amongst 725 well records. The final 3D geologic model consisted of six Quaternary lithostratigraphic units and a bedrock horizon as the model base. The Quaternary units include in stratigraphic order from youngest to oldest: the New Berlin Member of the Holy Hill Formation, the Tiskilwa Member of the Zenda Formation, a Sub-Tiskilwa Sand/Gravel unit, the Walworth Formation, a Sub-Walworth Sand/Gravel unit, and a Pre-Illinoisan unit. Compared to previous studies, the results of this study indicate a more detailed distribution, thickness, and interconnectivity between shallow sand and gravel aquifers and their connectivity to shallow bedrock aquifers. This study can also help understand uncertainty within previous local groundwater-flow modeling studies and improve future studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D geologic model; Petrel; Sand and Gravel Resources; Quaternary; Wisconsin USA 3D geologic model; Petrel; Sand and Gravel Resources; Quaternary; Wisconsin USA
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lau, J.; Thomason, J.F.; Malone, D.H.; Peterson, E.W. Three-Dimensional Geological Model of Quaternary Sediments in Walworth County, Wisconsin, USA. Geosciences 2016, 6, 32.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top