Next Article in Journal
Evaluation of VIIRS Land Surface Temperature Using CREST-SAFE Air, Snow Surface, and Soil Temperature Data
Previous Article in Journal
Late Tertiary Petrified Wood from Nevada, USA: Evidence of Multiple Silicification Pathways
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Geosciences 2015, 5(4), 310-333; doi:10.3390/geosciences5040310

Evaluation of the Snow Thermal Model (SNTHERM) through Continuous in situ Observations of Snow’s Physical Properties at the CREST-SAFE Field Experiment

1
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology (NOAA-CREST) Center, City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
2
Department Civil Engineering and Surveying, University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez, PR 00681, USA
3
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration-National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service (NOAA-NESDIS), Camp Springs, MD 20740, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sérgio Faria
Received: 21 March 2015 / Revised: 16 September 2015 / Accepted: 26 October 2015 / Published: 2 November 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3497 KB, uploaded 3 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Snowpack properties like temperature or density are the result of a complex energy and mass balance process in the snowpack that varies temporally and spatially. The Snow Thermal Model (SNTHERM) is a 1-dimensional model, energy and mass balance-driven, that simulates these properties. This article analyzes the simulated snowpack properties using SNTHERM forced with two datasets, namely measured meteorological data at the Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology-Snow Analysis and Field Experiment (CREST-SAFE) site and the National Land Data Assimilation System (NLDAS). The study area is located on the premises of Caribou Municipal Airport at Caribou (ME, USA). The model evaluation is based on properties such as snow depth, snow water equivalent, and snow density, in addition to a layer-by-layer comparison of snowpack properties. The simulations were assessed with precise in situ observations collected at the CREST-SAFE site. The outputs of the SNTHERM model showed very good agreement with observed data in properties like snow depth, snow water equivalent, and average temperature. Conversely, the model was not very efficient when simulating properties like temperature and grain size in different layers of the snowpack. View Full-Text
Keywords: Snow Thermal Model (SNTHERM); snowpack properties; snow modeling; Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology-Snow Analysis and Field Experiment (CREST-SAFE) Snow Thermal Model (SNTHERM); snowpack properties; snow modeling; Cooperative Remote Sensing Science and Technology-Snow Analysis and Field Experiment (CREST-SAFE)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Corona, J.A.I.; Muñoz, J.; Lakhankar, T.; Romanov, P.; Khanbilvardi, R. Evaluation of the Snow Thermal Model (SNTHERM) through Continuous in situ Observations of Snow’s Physical Properties at the CREST-SAFE Field Experiment. Geosciences 2015, 5, 310-333.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Geosciences EISSN 2076-3263 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top