Anthrax and the Geochemistry of Soils in the Contiguous United States
AbstractSoil geochemical data from sample sites in counties that reported occurrences of anthrax in wildlife and livestock since 2000 were evaluated against counties within the same states (MN, MT, ND, NV, OR, SD and TX) that did not report occurrences. These data identified the elements, calcium (Ca), manganese (Mn), phosphorus (P) and strontium (Sr), as having statistically significant differences in concentrations between county type (anthrax occurrence versus no occurrence). Tentative threshold values of the lowest concentrations of each of these elements (Ca = 0.43 wt %, Mn = 142 mg/kg, P = 180 mg/kg and Sr = 51 mg/kg) and average concentrations (Ca = 1.3 wt %, Mn = 463 mg/kg, P = 580 mg/kg and Sr = 170 mg/kg) were identified from anthrax-positive counties as prospective investigative tools in determining whether an outbreak had “potential” or was “likely” at any given geographic location in the contiguous United States. View Full-Text
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Griffin, D.W.; Silvestri, E.E.; Bowling, C.Y.; Boe, T.; Smith, D.B.; Nichols, T.L. Anthrax and the Geochemistry of Soils in the Contiguous United States. Geosciences 2014, 4, 114-127.
Griffin DW, Silvestri EE, Bowling CY, Boe T, Smith DB, Nichols TL. Anthrax and the Geochemistry of Soils in the Contiguous United States. Geosciences. 2014; 4(3):114-127.Chicago/Turabian Style
Griffin, Dale W.; Silvestri, Erin E.; Bowling, Charlena Y.; Boe, Timothy; Smith, David B.; Nichols, Tonya L. 2014. "Anthrax and the Geochemistry of Soils in the Contiguous United States." Geosciences 4, no. 3: 114-127.