Next Article in Journal
The Impacts of Climate Change Mitigation Strategies on Animal Welfare
Previous Article in Journal
Problems Associated with the Microchip Data of Stray Dogs and Cats Entering RSPCA Queensland Shelters
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Animals 2015, 5(2), 349-360; doi:10.3390/ani5020349

Adaptation of Piglets Using Different Methods of Stress Prevention

1
Federal State Scientific Institution, Siberian Research and Technological Institute of Animal Husbandry, Novosibirsk reg., Krasnoobsk 630501, Russia
2
Department of Animal and Food Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
3
Federal State Organization, Research Institute of Internal Medicine and Preventive Medicine, Novosibirsk 630089, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Clive J. C. Phillips
Received: 22 December 2014 / Revised: 13 April 2015 / Accepted: 17 April 2015 / Published: 13 May 2015

Simple Summary

Stressful events play a major negative role in the modern technology of weaned piglets. These events include but are not limited to weaning itself, lack of maternal milk, loss of maternal bonding, mixing of different litters, transportation to growing-finishing farms, and housing conditions. Various additives (phenazepam, aminazine, vitamins E and C, the extract Eleutherococcus senticosus, and ultraviolet irradiation) at different doses and combinations with or without ultraviolet irradiation were used to evaluate their effect on the viability and growth rate of piglets after weaning. Content of lipids in the blood and liver, antioxidant activity (AOA) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) significantly decreased or increased with the use of the additives. Feeding a mixture of additives increased survival rate, average daily gain, and live weight at the end of the experiment.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the viability and growth rate of piglets after weaning, the content of lipids in the blood and liver, antioxidant activity (AOA) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) when various additives are used in feed. The experiments were performed on two crosses of piglets obtained from Large White breed sows and Landrace breed boars. Twenty to 28 animals were randomly assigned per group. The following additives were tested: the benzodiazepine phenazepam, the neuroleptic aminazine, vitamins E and C, and the extract Eleutherococcus senticosus (Araliaceae). Different doses and combinations of the additives against ultraviolet irradiation were used. The addition of these substances improved the growth rate and viability of piglets. AOA increased under the influence of all factors studied, especially with the addition of extract of Eleutherococcus in feed in combination with aminazine and UV-irradiation (p < 0.01). However, the addition of Eleutherococcus extract and aminazine intensified LPO (p < 0.01), but use of UV irradiation helped to decrease LPO values (p < 0.01). Feeding a mixture of additives per pig per day of 3 mL of Eleutherococcus extract, 80 mg of 25% tocopherol, and 500 mg of ascorbic acid increased survival rate, average daily gain, and live weight at the end of the experiment. Thus, the use of prophylactic antistress and sedative drugs during weaning helps AOA normalize LPO of red blood cells; enhance post weaning growth of the pigs by 4.8% to 24.6% and increases piglet survival rate by 5% to 5.1%.
Keywords: weanling pigs; stress; food additives; antioxidant activity; lipid peroxidation weanling pigs; stress; food additives; antioxidant activity; lipid peroxidation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bekenev, V.; Garcia, A.; Hasnulin, V. Adaptation of Piglets Using Different Methods of Stress Prevention. Animals 2015, 5, 349-360.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Animals EISSN 2076-2615 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top