Next Article in Journal
The Release of a Captive-Raised Female African Elephant (Loxodonta africana) in the Okavango Delta, Botswana
Previous Article in Journal
On the Possible Detection of Lightning Storms by Elephants
Animals 2013, 3(2), 356-369; doi:10.3390/ani3020356
Review

Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Production

1
 and 2,*
Received: 28 February 2013; in revised form: 5 April 2013 / Accepted: 22 April 2013 / Published: 24 April 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [89 KB, uploaded 24 April 2013]
Simple Summary: Due to the common occurrence of environmental stressors worldwide, many studies have investigated the detrimental effects of heat stress on poultry production. It has been shown that heat stress negatively affects the welfare and productivity of broilers and laying hens. However, further research is still needed to improve the knowledge of basic mechanisms associated to the negative effects of heat stress in poultry, as well as to develop effective interventions.
Abstract: Understanding and controlling environmental conditions is crucial to successful poultry production and welfare. Heat stress is one of the most important environmental stressors challenging poultry production worldwide. The detrimental effects of heat stress on broilers and laying hens range from reduced growth and egg production to decreased poultry and egg quality and safety. Moreover, the negative impact of heat stress on poultry welfare has recently attracted increasing public awareness and concern. Much information has been published on the effects of heat stress on productivity and immune response in poultry. However, our knowledge of basic mechanisms associated to the reported effects, as well as related to poultry behavior and welfare under heat stress conditions is in fact scarce. Intervention strategies to deal with heat stress conditions have been the focus of many published studies. Nevertheless, effectiveness of most of the interventions has been variable or inconsistent. This review focuses on the scientific evidence available on the importance and impact of heat stress in poultry production, with emphasis on broilers and laying hens.
Keywords: heat stress; poultry; broilers; laying hens; welfare; production; food safety heat stress; poultry; broilers; laying hens; welfare; production; food safety
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lara, L.J.; Rostagno, M.H. Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Production. Animals 2013, 3, 356-369.

AMA Style

Lara LJ, Rostagno MH. Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Production. Animals. 2013; 3(2):356-369.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lara, Lucas J.; Rostagno, Marcos H. 2013. "Impact of Heat Stress on Poultry Production." Animals 3, no. 2: 356-369.


Animals EISSN 2076-2615 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert