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Effects of Dietary Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisia) Supplementation in Practical Diets of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
CIMAR/CIIMAR, Centro Interdisciplinar de Investigação Marinha e Ambiental, Universidade do Porto, 4050-123, Portugal
Universidade Federal do Paraná, Palotina, Paraná, 85950-000, Brazil
Departamento de Zootecnia, Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz, Setor Piscicultura, 13418-900, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 November 2011; in revised form: 26 December 2011 / Accepted: 4 January 2012 / Published: 13 January 2012
Simple Summary: World communities are concerned about the increasing impact of the aquaculture activities on fisheries resources. Aquaculture sector uses 2–5 times more fishmeal to feed farmed species than what is supplied by the farmed product. Therefore, the reduction of fishmeal dependency may provide more economic and environmentally friendly aquaculture. By identifying alternative protein sources, the authors find that brewer’s yeast is a suitable raw material as fishmeal replacement in feed of tilapia. The 15% inclusion may promote growth without affecting the end-product quality.
Abstract: A 51-day feeding trial was carried out to determine the effects of various dietary levels of brewer’s yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, in the growth performance, body composition and nutrient utilization in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus, juveniles. Fish (7.6 ± 0.3 g) were stocked into eighteen 1,000-L tanks (100 fish per tank; n = 3) and fed to apparent satiation six isonitrogenous (27% crude protein) and isoenergetic (19 kJ/g) diets, formulated to contain different dried yeast levels (0%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 30% or 40% diet) in substitution to fishmeal. Body weight tripled at the end of the feeding trial for fish fed up to 20% dietary yeast incorporation. Daily growth coefficient (DGC, % body weight/day) decreased with increasing dietary yeast level (P < 0.0001). Voluntary feed intake (VFI, %BW/day) did not vary significantly with increasing yeast level. Fish fed 40% yeast showed significant reduction in protein efficiency rate, protein retention and nitrogen gain. Increasing levels of dietary yeast did not significantly affect protein or lipid digestibility. Dietary dried yeast was seemingly palatable to tilapia juveniles and was suitable up to 15% inclusion to promote growth and efficient diet utilization, without affecting body composition.
Keywords: brewer’s yeast; Saccharomyces cerevisiae; growth performance; nutrient utilization; tilapia; Oreochromis niloticus
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Ozório, R.O.A.; Portz, L.; Borghesi, R.; Cyrino, J.E.P. Effects of Dietary Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisia) Supplementation in Practical Diets of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Animals 2012, 2, 16-24.
Ozório ROA, Portz L, Borghesi R, Cyrino JEP. Effects of Dietary Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisia) Supplementation in Practical Diets of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). Animals. 2012; 2(1):16-24.
Ozório, Rodrigo O. A.; Portz, Leandro; Borghesi, Ricardo; Cyrino, José E. P. 2012. "Effects of Dietary Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisia) Supplementation in Practical Diets of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)." Animals 2, no. 1: 16-24.