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Integrating Values and Ethics into Wildlife Policy and Management—Lessons from North America
Project Coyote, Larkspur, CA 94977, USA
Animal Welfare Institute, Washington, DC 20003, USA
Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0334, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 January 2011 / Accepted: 18 January 2011 / Published: 25 January 2011
Abstract: Few animals provoke as wide a range of emotions as wolves. Some see wolves as icons of a lost wilderness; others see them as intruders. As the battle continues between wolf proponents and opponents, finding solutions that resolve conflicts while supporting the integrity of nature is challenging. In this essay we argue that we need to make room for wolves and other native carnivores who are re-colonizing areas from which they were extirpated. Strategies that foster coexistence are necessary and wildlife agencies must consider all stakeholders and invest adequate resources to inform the public about how to mitigate conflicts between people/domestic animals, and predators. Values and ethics must be woven into wildlife policy and management and we must be willing to ask difficult ethical questions and learn from past mistakes.
Keywords: wolves; reintroduction; ethics; values; wildlife management; predator management; coexistence, attitudes; human-wildlife interaction; carnivores
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Fox, C.H.; Bekoff, M. Integrating Values and Ethics into Wildlife Policy and Management—Lessons from North America. Animals 2011, 1, 126-143.
Fox CH, Bekoff M. Integrating Values and Ethics into Wildlife Policy and Management—Lessons from North America. Animals. 2011; 1(1):126-143.
Fox, Camilla H.; Bekoff, Marc. 2011. "Integrating Values and Ethics into Wildlife Policy and Management—Lessons from North America." Animals 1, no. 1: 126-143.