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Microorganisms 2018, 6(3), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms6030077

Cecal Microbiome Analyses on Wild Japanese Rock Ptarmigans (Lagopus muta japonica) Reveals High Level of Coexistence of Lactic Acid Bacteria and Lactate-Utilizing Bacteria

1
Department of Life Science and Technology, School of Life Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
2
Faculty of Science, Toho University, Tokyo 143-8540, Japan
3
Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Prefectural University, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture 606-8522, Japan
4
Academy of Emerging Sciences, Chubu University, Kasugai, Aichi Prefecture 487-0027, Japan
5
PRESTO, Japan Science and Technology Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012, Japan
6
Department of Bioresource Sciences, Nihon University, Kanagawa 252-0880, Japan
7
General Foundation Hiroshi Nakamura International Institute for Ornithology, Nakagosho, Nagano 380-0934, Japan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 June 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 25 July 2018 / Published: 28 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wildlife Microbiology)
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Abstract

Preservation of indigenous gastrointestinal microbiota is critical for successful captive breeding of endangered wild animals, yet its biology is poorly understood. Here, we compared the cecal microbial composition of wild living Japanese rock ptarmigans (Lagopus muta japonica) in different locations of Japanese mountains, and the dominant cecal microbial structure of wild Japanese rock ptarmigans is elucidated. Coriobacteraceae and Lachnospraceae were the two dominant bacterial families in all samples analyzed. At the genus level, 10 genera Olsenella, Actinomyces, Megasphaera, Slackia, Cloacibacillus, Bifidobacterium,Escherichia,Dialister, Megamonas, and Bilophila were dominant. These results reveal the high level of coexistence of lactic acid bacteria (Olsenella and Bifidobacterium) and lactate-utilizing bacteria (Megasphaera). This coexistence should be taken into account for the successful breeding of captive Japanese rock ptarmigans in the national conservation program. View Full-Text
Keywords: Japanese rock ptarmigan; Lagopus muta japonica; cecal microbiome; Olsenella; Bifidobacterium; Megasphaera Japanese rock ptarmigan; Lagopus muta japonica; cecal microbiome; Olsenella; Bifidobacterium; Megasphaera
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Ueda, A.; Kobayashi, A.; Tsuchida, S.; Yamada, T.; Murata, K.; Nakamura, H.; Ushida, K. Cecal Microbiome Analyses on Wild Japanese Rock Ptarmigans (Lagopus muta japonica) Reveals High Level of Coexistence of Lactic Acid Bacteria and Lactate-Utilizing Bacteria. Microorganisms 2018, 6, 77.

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