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Microorganisms 2017, 5(3), 56; doi:10.3390/microorganisms5030056

Lactobacillus sakei: A Starter for Sausage Fermentation, a Protective Culture for Meat Products

1
Secalim, INRA, LUNAM Université, 44307 Nantes, France
2
Micalis Institute, INRA, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 July 2017 / Revised: 29 August 2017 / Accepted: 5 September 2017 / Published: 6 September 2017
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Abstract

Among lactic acid bacteria of meat products, Lactobacillus sakei is certainly the most studied species due to its role in the fermentation of sausage and its prevalence during cold storage of raw meat products. Consequently, the physiology of this bacterium regarding functions involved in growth, survival, and metabolism during meat storage and processing are well known. This species exhibits a wide genomic diversity that can be observed when studying different strains and on which probably rely its multiple facets in meat products: starter, spoiler, or protective culture. The emerging exploration of the microbial ecology of meat products also revealed the multiplicity of bacterial interactions L. sakei has to face and their various consequences on microbial quality and safety at the end of storage. View Full-Text
Keywords: meat products; fermentation; biopreservation; spoilage; genomics; diversity; metabolism meat products; fermentation; biopreservation; spoilage; genomics; diversity; metabolism
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Zagorec, M.; Champomier-Vergès, M.-C. Lactobacillus sakei: A Starter for Sausage Fermentation, a Protective Culture for Meat Products. Microorganisms 2017, 5, 56.

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