Phosphate Acquisition and Virulence in Human Fungal Pathogens
AbstractThe ability of pathogenic fungi to acquire essential macro and micronutrients during infection is a well-established virulence trait. Recent studies in the major human fungal pathogens Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans have revealed that acquisition of the essential macronutrient, phosphate, is essential for virulence. The phosphate sensing and acquisition pathway in fungi, known as the PHO pathway, has been extensively characterized in the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this review, we highlight recent advances in phosphate sensing and signaling mechanisms, and use the S. cerevisiae PHO pathway as a platform from which to compare the phosphate acquisition and storage strategies employed by several human pathogenic fungi. We also explore the multi-layered roles of phosphate acquisition in promoting fungal stress resistance to pH, cationic, and oxidative stresses, and describe emerging roles for the phosphate storage molecule polyphosphate (polyP). Finally, we summarize the recent studies supporting the necessity of phosphate acquisition in mediating the virulence of human fungal pathogens, highlighting the concept that this requirement is intimately linked to promoting resistance to host-imposed stresses. View Full-Text
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Ikeh, M.; Ahmed, Y.; Quinn, J. Phosphate Acquisition and Virulence in Human Fungal Pathogens. Microorganisms 2017, 5, 48.
Ikeh M, Ahmed Y, Quinn J. Phosphate Acquisition and Virulence in Human Fungal Pathogens. Microorganisms. 2017; 5(3):48.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ikeh, Mélanie; Ahmed, Yasmin; Quinn, Janet. 2017. "Phosphate Acquisition and Virulence in Human Fungal Pathogens." Microorganisms 5, no. 3: 48.
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