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Microorganisms 2015, 3(4), 792-808; doi:10.3390/microorganisms3040792

Thermus thermophilus as a Source of Thermostable Lipolytic Enzymes

Grupo EXPRELA, Centro de Investigacións Científicas Avanzadas (CICA), Departamento de Bioloxía Celular e Molecular, Facultade de Ciencias, Universidade da Coruña, Campus de A Coruña, 15071 A Coruña, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ricardo Amils and Elena González Toril
Received: 24 June 2015 / Revised: 14 October 2015 / Accepted: 2 November 2015 / Published: 4 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extremophiles)
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Abstract

Lipolytic enzymes, esterases (EC 3.1.1.1) and lipases (EC 3.1.1.3), catalyze the hydrolysis of ester bonds between alcohols and carboxylic acids, and its formation in organic media. At present, they represent about 20% of commercialized enzymes for industrial use. Lipolytic enzymes from thermophilic microorganisms are preferred for industrial use to their mesophilic counterparts, mainly due to higher thermostability and resistance to several denaturing agents. However, the production at an industrial scale from the native organisms is technically complicated and expensive. The thermophilic bacterium Thermus thermophilus (T. thermophilus) has high levels of lipolytic activity, and its whole genome has been sequenced. One esterase from the T. thermophilus strain HB27 has been widely characterized, both in its native form and in recombinant forms, being expressed in mesophilic microorganisms. Other putative lipases/esterases annotated in the T. thermophilus genome have been explored and will also be reviewed in this paper. View Full-Text
Keywords: Thermus thermophilus; lipase; esterase; lipolytic; thermophilic Thermus thermophilus; lipase; esterase; lipolytic; thermophilic
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

López-López, O.; Cerdán, M.-E.; González-Siso, M.-I. Thermus thermophilus as a Source of Thermostable Lipolytic Enzymes. Microorganisms 2015, 3, 792-808.

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