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Actuators 2017, 6(2), 17; doi:10.3390/act6020017

Environmental Effects on the Polypyrrole Tri-layer Actuator

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Delbert Tesar
Received: 16 February 2017 / Revised: 10 April 2017 / Accepted: 23 April 2017 / Published: 26 April 2017
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Abstract

Electroactive polymer actuators such as polypyrrole (PPy) are exciting candidates to drive autonomous devices that require low weight and low power. A simple PPy tri-layer bending type cantilever which operates in the air has been demonstrated previously, but the environmental effect on this actuator is still unknown. The major obstacle in the development of the PPy tri-layer actuator is to create proper packaging that reduces oxidation of the electrolyte and maintains constant displacement. Here, we report the variation in the displacement as well as the charge transfer at the different environmental condition. PPy trilayer actuators were fabricated by depositing polypyrrole on gold-coated porous poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) using the electro-synthesis method. It has been demonstrated that the charge transfer of tri-layer actuators is more in an inert environment than in open air. In addition, tri-layer actuators show constant deflection and enhancement of life due to the negligible oxidation rate of the electrolyte in an inert environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: polypyrrole; actuators; tri-layer; glove box; PVDF membrane; inert environment polypyrrole; actuators; tri-layer; glove box; PVDF membrane; inert environment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Masurkar, N.; Jamil, K.; Arava, L.M.R. Environmental Effects on the Polypyrrole Tri-layer Actuator. Actuators 2017, 6, 17.

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