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Pathogens 2018, 7(1), 29; doi:10.3390/pathogens7010029

Control of Bovine Viral Diarrhea

Institute of Virology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Bünteweg 17, D-30559 Hannover, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 February 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2018 / Accepted: 6 March 2018 / Published: 8 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bovine Viral Diarrhea virus)
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Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) is one of the most important infectious diseases of cattle with respect to animal health and economic impact. Its stealthy nature, prolonged transient infections, and the presence of persistently infected (PI) animals as efficient reservoirs were responsible for its ubiquitous presence in cattle populations worldwide. Whereas it was initially thought that the infection was impossible to control, effective systematic control strategies have emerged over the last 25 years. The common denominators of all successful control programs were systematic control, removal of PI animals, movement controls for infected herds, strict biosecurity, and surveillance. Scandinavian countries, Austria, and Switzerland successfully implemented these control programs without using vaccination. Vaccination as an optional and additional control tool was used by e.g., Germany, Belgium, Ireland, and Scotland. The economic benefits of BVD control programs had been assessed in different studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: bovine viral diarrhea; viral persistence; systematic control; role of vaccination bovine viral diarrhea; viral persistence; systematic control; role of vaccination
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Moennig, V.; Becher, P. Control of Bovine Viral Diarrhea. Pathogens 2018, 7, 29.

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