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Soc. Sci. 2017, 6(4), 148; doi:10.3390/socsci6040148

Becoming Part of an Eco-Community: Social and Environmental Activism or Livelihood Strategy?

Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, GRAFO (Research Group on Fundamental and Oriented Anthropology), Autonomous University of Barcelona, Edifici B- Facultat de Lletres, 08193 Bellaterra, Spain
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Received: 1 October 2017 / Revised: 25 November 2017 / Accepted: 4 December 2017 / Published: 5 December 2017
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Abstract

Studying grassroots initiatives which aim to respond to environmental and social crisis is of renewed importance nowadays, in the aftermath of the 2008-9 financial crisis in southern Europe. This paper studies people’s motivations for becoming part of an eco-community in Catalonia, Spain, through interviews with 29 informants. The research is part of a larger study, based on ethnographic data collected between 2013 and 2015 in 27 eco-communities. The paper shows the extent to which people who joined an eco-community were driven by ideological reasons, adopting a livelihood strategy, or by a combination of both factors in the years following the crisis. We argue that the social and economic crisis has had an impact on the factors motivating people to join these communities, with an increase in the number of people driven by materialistic motives, relative to those who joined for ideological reasons. View Full-Text
Keywords: eco-community; rurality; livelihood strategy; social and economic crisis; Catalonia eco-community; rurality; livelihood strategy; social and economic crisis; Catalonia
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Escribano, P.; Lubbers, M.J.; Molina, J.L. Becoming Part of an Eco-Community: Social and Environmental Activism or Livelihood Strategy? Soc. Sci. 2017, 6, 148.

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