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Soc. Sci. 2017, 6(3), 83; doi:10.3390/socsci6030083

Time Heals All (Shallow) Wounds: A Lesson on Forgiveness of Ingroup Transgressors Learned by the Feyenoord Vandal Fans

1
Institut de Psychologie, University of Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Department of Social and Developmental Psychology, University of Rome Sapienza, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 April 2017 / Revised: 5 July 2017 / Accepted: 19 July 2017 / Published: 1 August 2017
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Abstract

This paper examines how a social threat posed by a deviant behavior affects second-hand forgiveness over time toward ingroup and outgroup transgressors. In Study 1, using real news reports, we investigated intergroup rivalries between soccer fans in order to understand the role of group membership in predicting the intention to forgive transgressors. Results suggested that transgressors were less likely to be forgiven by ingroup members rather than outgroup members, thus showing evidence of the black sheep effect. In Study 2 (using a different sample), we analyzed the same intergroup rivalries one year after the transgression in order to explore changes in intention to forgive over time. Results showed that, after one year, ingroup members were more likely to forgive ingroup than outgroup transgressors, but only when the threat to the group stereotype was not salient. The implications of the results for the subjective group dynamics theory and for the black sheep effect are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: forgiveness; time; ingroup bias; group stereotype; vandalism; soccer fans forgiveness; time; ingroup bias; group stereotype; vandalism; soccer fans
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rullo, M.; Presaghi, F.; Livi, S.; Mazzuca, S.; Dessi, R. Time Heals All (Shallow) Wounds: A Lesson on Forgiveness of Ingroup Transgressors Learned by the Feyenoord Vandal Fans. Soc. Sci. 2017, 6, 83.

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