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Soc. Sci. 2017, 6(3), 104; doi:10.3390/socsci6030104

Who Can I Turn To? Emotional Support Availability in African American Social Networks

1
Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Indiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
2
Department of Health Policy and Management, Indiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA
3
Department of Counseling Psychology, Social Psychology, and Counseling, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306, USA
4
George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2017 / Revised: 25 August 2017 / Accepted: 30 August 2017 / Published: 2 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Social Networks and Mental Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [251 KB, uploaded 6 September 2017]

Abstract

African Americans disproportionately experience psychological distress, such as feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness and are disproportionately exposed to risk factors associated with mental illness, such as racial discrimination, violence and poverty. To effectively address African Americans’ mental health needs, it is imperative to identify who African Americans turn to when they experience stressors. The purpose of this study was to assess the extent to which emotional support is provided within African Americans’ social networks and determine the characteristics of social network members who African Americans rely upon for emotional support. Results indicate that African Americans rely on social network members for spiritual and physical health support more so than emotional support. Among both male and female participants, social network members were significantly more likely to be relied upon for emotional support if they were a non-familial network contact, had a close relationship to the participant, and if they also were someone the participant spoke to about his or her physical health. Findings have implications for the development of culturally-sensitive strategies for increasing emotional support provision within African Americans’ social networks. View Full-Text
Keywords: African-American; social networks; emotional support; mental health; social capital African-American; social networks; emotional support; mental health; social capital
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hood, S.; Golembiewski, E.; Benbow, K.; Sow, H.; Sanders Thompson, V. Who Can I Turn To? Emotional Support Availability in African American Social Networks. Soc. Sci. 2017, 6, 104.

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