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Soc. Sci. 2017, 6(1), 20; doi:10.3390/socsci6010020

Beyond Depression and Suicide: The Mental Health of Transgender College Students

1
Department of Kinesiology, Health and Nutrition, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX 78249, USA
2
Department of Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elbert P. Almazan
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 5 February 2017 / Accepted: 15 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
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Abstract

Research studies examining the mental health of transgender individuals often focus on depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation through the use of clinic samples. However, little is known about the emerging adult (18–26 years old) transgender population and their mental health. The current study seeks to fill that gap by using a national dataset of college students (N = 547,727) to examine how transgender college students (n = 1143) differ from their cisgender peers regarding 12 different mental health conditions. Chi-square and regression analyses were conducted. Results demonstrate that transgender students have approximately twice the risk for most mental health conditions compared to cisgender female students. A notable exception is schizophrenia, in which transgender individuals have about seven times the risk compared to cisgender females. While these were significant findings, regression analyses indicate that being non-heterosexual is a greater predictor for mental health concerns. Implications for mental health practitioners at colleges and universities are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: gender identity; transgender; mental health; college student; college health; depression; anxiety; schizophrenia; gender nonconforming gender identity; transgender; mental health; college student; college health; depression; anxiety; schizophrenia; gender nonconforming
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Oswalt, S.B.; Lederer, A.M. Beyond Depression and Suicide: The Mental Health of Transgender College Students. Soc. Sci. 2017, 6, 20.

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