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Soc. Sci. 2015, 4(4), 1006-1019; doi:10.3390/socsci4041006

Cross-National Investigation of Health Indicators among Sexual Minorities in Norway and the United States

1
School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, T222-2211 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2B5, Canada
2
Department of Community & Family Health, University of South Florida, 13201 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., MDC 56, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
3
Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim NO-7491, Norway
4
Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, 108 E. Dean Keeton St., Stop A2702, Austin, TX 78712, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Melanie D. Otis
Received: 31 July 2015 / Revised: 17 October 2015 / Accepted: 23 October 2015 / Published: 28 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue LGBTQ Lives in Context: The Role of Place)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [210 KB, uploaded 28 October 2015]

Abstract

A cross-national study of young adult sexual minorities was conducted in order to explore the associations between sexual orientation and measures of depression, suicidality, and substance use. Two nationally representative data sets were explored from the United States (N = 14,335) and Norway (N = 2423). Results indicated that sexual minorities experienced multiple health disparities (depression, suicidality, and substance use) compared to their heterosexual counterparts. We found similar patterns of depression, suicidality, and substance use for sexual minorities in both the United States and Norway. The highest odds of substance use were among heterosexual-identified Norwegian youth who reported same-sex sexual activity, and the highest odds of suicidality were found for bisexual young adults in Norway. These findings have implications for how we consider culture and social policy as barriers and/or opportunities for sexual minorities. View Full-Text
Keywords: LGB; health disparities, MSM; WSW; culture; psychosocial adjustment LGB; health disparities, MSM; WSW; culture; psychosocial adjustment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Watson, R.J.; Wheldon, C.W.; Wichstrøm, L.; Russell, S.T. Cross-National Investigation of Health Indicators among Sexual Minorities in Norway and the United States. Soc. Sci. 2015, 4, 1006-1019.

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