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Soc. Sci. 2015, 4(4), 987-1005; doi:10.3390/socsci4040987

Influencing Factors for Developing Managerial Behaviours That Encourage a Work-Family Culture in the University Context

Department of Business Management and Commerce, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Facultade de CC Económicas e Empresariais, Avda. Burgo das Nacións S/N, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin J. Bull
Received: 3 June 2015 / Revised: 23 September 2015 / Accepted: 9 October 2015 / Published: 15 October 2015
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Abstract

This article develops and tests a theoretical model to find out which factors influence the behaviour of supervisors in terms of promoting a work-family culture. This model explains to what extent the factors studied are relevant to encourage deans to promote this type of culture at Spanish universities. The hypotheses were tested using linear regression analysis. Data were obtained through a questionnaire to deans. The results yield five key factors: (1) the personal work-family conflict of managers; (2) the transformational leadership style of managers; (3) the identification with subordinates in need of work-family cares; (4) the perceived institutional support; and (5) the perceived support from other supervisors in the centre. The findings have practical implications for human resources management (HRM) practices. Human resources management practices such as (a) providing deans and other supervisors with training about the importance of work-family programs; (b) promoting deans’ training in order to develop transformational leadership skills; or (c) increasing institutional support can be useful when implementing a work-family culture in Spanish universities. View Full-Text
Keywords: human resources management; employees; work-family culture; university; leadership; supervisors’ behaviour human resources management; employees; work-family culture; university; leadership; supervisors’ behaviour
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Álvarez-Pérez, M.D.; Carballo-Penela, A. Influencing Factors for Developing Managerial Behaviours That Encourage a Work-Family Culture in the University Context. Soc. Sci. 2015, 4, 987-1005.

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